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Khnopff Fernand

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Fernand Khnopff (12 septembrie 1858 - 12 noiembrie 1921) considerat cel mai important pictor simbolist belgian.


S-a nascut intr-o familie de magistrati. A crescut in Bruges si mai tarziu s-a inscris la Facultatea de Drept, dar a renuntat si a inceput sa picteze, fiind influentat de Xavier Mellery, pe care l-a avut profesor la Academie des Beaux-Arts.  In 1879 pleaca la Paris, unde descopera cu entuziasm lucrarile lui Gustave Moreau, Delacroix, si cele ale pre-rafaelitilor. Se bucura de sustinerea lui Burne-Jones si Emile Verhaeren, incepe sa frecventeze cercul poetilor simbolisti belgieni, adoptand temele lor predilecte in compozitiile sale.


Revine in Belgia, unde va fi in 1883 unul dintre fondatorii celebrului "Groupe des XX", fiind foarte admirat atat de pictori cat si de poeti pentru maniera in care imbina aceste doua arte in lucrarile sale. Dupa o cronica entuziasta publicata de Emile Verhaeren in La Jeune Belgique, presa belgiana incepe sa il prezinte tot mai des ca un artist talentat si de viitor.


In 1892 isi expune lucrarile la Paris, in cadrul primei editii Salon de la Rose+Croix, fiind incurajat de Josephin Peladan. Din pacate, aceasta prietenie avea sa provoace  numeroase tensiunii in grupul celor douazeci.


Era o figura majora, un personaj cult, iar Khnopff a exploatat cu buna-stiinta aceasta stare de fapt, creandu-si o imagine de dandy, imitata repede de admiratorii sai. Primeste si Ordinul Leopold, ca o recunoastere a talentului si personalitatii sale artistice. In jurul lui 1900 isi construieste o casa, dupa planurile proprii, incercand sa transpuna in plan material propriile viziuni picturale.

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Same subject: Delacroix | Gustave Moreau | Bruges
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